Six American servicemen are known to have defected to North Korea after the war: Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military history of the United Kingdom during the Korean War, An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist China, Turncoat: An American's 12 Years in Communist China, 1966 TIME Magazine article about Clarence Adams, http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=g4NTAAAAIBAJ&sjid=XYYDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5153,5246286&dq=andrew+fortuna&hl=en, http://www.lyricsmania.com/turncoat_lyrics_youth_defense_league.html, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2WrfO7z3irk&feature=player_embedded, AP feature with quotes from several of the repatriated GIs, Impact on the economy of the United States, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/List_of_American_and_British_defectors_in_the_Korean_War?oldid=3980615. The UN contingent included forces not just from the US but also from Canada, Australia, the Netherlands, Colombia, Turkey, the Philippines, France and many others. At present they are only taking search requests enquiries that meet certain criteria – see their website for further information. Although only rough estimates of civilian fatalities are available, scholars from Guenter Lewyto Bruce Cu… Most of the reports are original documents only. Both were court-martialed and sentenced to prison terms, with Batchelor serving 4½ years and Dickenson 3½.. The Korean Peninsula was ruled by the Empire of Japan from 1910 until the end of World War II. British and Canadian aircrews also served with the RAAF. In the absence of a dissenting voice from the Soviet Union, who could have vetoed it, the United States and other countries passed a Security Council resolution authorizing military intervention in Korea. The USA made the largest contribution of troops and equipment with Britain second. Archives, Open Government Licence See the sections above on ‘Prisoners of War in Europe‘ for guidance on: The following records contain lists of POWs held in Korea: The ICRC Archives holds lists of prisoners of war and internees of all nationalities for the Second World War. After the administrative support role of BCOF in Japan to the fighting forces in Korea had been decided in November 1950, the title BCFK appeared. Under this stance, the American-trained South Korean army was simply a lightly armed gendarmerie, with no tanks and combat aircraft and a very limited amount of field artillery. Some of these records are available to view and download online but many are not and you may therefore need to visit us in Kew to see documents. 5. Both were court-martialed and sentenced to prison terms, with Batchelor serving 4½ years and Dickenson 3½.. Records held elsewhere. In 1963 Condron worked selling the Encyclopædia Britannica door-to-door, while Jaquelin worked at the BBC World Service. Royal Air Force and ‘prisoner’ or ‘Merchant’ and ‘prisoner of war’ for merchant seamen PoWs, FO for Foreign Office records (use our guide to, use the card index in the reading rooms at The National Archives, feedback on the usefulness of escape aids or instructions provided beforehand, place/location of the incident in which air crew went missing, type of aircraft from which air crew went missing (for example, Blenheim), Stalag (Stammlager) – in most cases, a camp for NCOs and enlisted men, Oflag (Offizierlager) – a camp for officers only, Stalag Luft (Stammlager Luftwaffe) – a camp for Air Force officers administered by the Luftwaffe, Dulag (Durchgangslager) – a transit camp where captured aircrew were processed and interrogated before being sent to a permanent camp, sometimes the ailment/ disease admitted for, liberated prisoner of war interrogation questionnaires (1945-1946), nominal lists of prisoners of war (1943-1945), enquiries into missing personnel including PoWs (1940-1945), selected notifications of deaths (1939-1942), Merchant Navy prisoners of war (1939-1945). The warring factions finally agreed on an exchange of sick and wounded prisoners, Operation Little Switch, which was carried out in April and May 1953. The more different kinds of experience he has, the more he fits them together in his mind. Search by name of ship or surname in BT 373 for Merchant Navy prisoners of war. Search 4,502 records of British servicemen who were injured or killed in the conflict between 1950 and 1953.  The position of BCFK Commander-in-Chief was always held by Australian Army officers, the first being Lieutenant General Sir Horace Robertson. The reports may provide details of escape attempts and organisation. In the south the political situation was chaotic and resulted in an American-backed administration under President Syngman Rhee, who was determined to bring about national unity by force. some records will contain more information than that listed above. Search by name for details of some 190,000 individuals held by German authorities during the Second World War, in series WO 416. Prisoners who did not wish to go back to their home countries would be given 90 days in neutral territory to reconsider before being allowed to stay in enemy territory. According to UN estimates, three million Koreans (including soldiers and civilians on both sides) had been killed. What types of records does The National Archives hold? The key to a successful search is knowing what search terms to search with and which record series to search within, though you can try speculative searches across our entire collection from the catalogue homepage. 1st Sportsman's Battalion, Royal Fusiliers 1914-1918, Afghan War, Fallen Officers & Victoria Cross Recipients 1878-1880, Birmingham Employers Roll of Honour 1914-1918, Britain, Gestapo Invasion Arrest List 1940, British Armed Forces Soldiers' Wills 1850-1986, British Armed Forces, First World War Soldiers' Medical Records, British Armed Forces, First World War Widows' Pensions Forms, British Armed Forces, Roman Catholic Registers Baptisms, British Army Discharges, 60th Foot 1854-1880, British Army Officers' Widows' Pension Forms 1755-1908, British Army Service Records - WO 363 & WO 364, British Army Service Records WO 22 & WO 23, British Army Service Records WO 96 & WO 97, British Army, Bond Of Sacrifice: Officers Died In The Great War 1914-1916, British Army, British Red Cross Society volunteers 1914-1918, British Army, East Surrey Regiment 1899-1919, British Army, Honourable Artillery Company, British Army, Imperial War Museum Bond of Sacrifice 1914-1918, British Army, Indian Volunteer Force Medal Awards 1915-1939, British Army, Irish regimental enlistment registers 1877-1924, British Army, List Of Half-Pay Officers 1714, British Army, Lloyds Of London Memorial Roll 1914-1919, British Army, Northumberland Fusiliers 1881-1920, British Army, Queen's Royal West Regiment 1901-1918, British Army, Railwaymen Died in the Great War, British Army, Royal Artillery Officer Deaths 1850-2011, British Army, Royal Artillery Officers 1716-1899, British Army, Royal Artillery War Commemoration Book, 1914-1918, British Army, Royal Artillery, 80th Field Regiment, WW2, British Army, Women's Army Auxiliary Corps 1917-1920, British Casualties, Indian Mutiny 1857-1859, British Casualties, Korean War 1950 – 1953, British Casualties, Spanish Civil War 1936 - 1939, British India Office Army & Navy pensions, British Officers Taken Prisoner of War 1914-1918, British Red Cross & Order Of St John Enquiry List, Wounded & Missing, 1914-1919, British Red Cross Register of Overseas Volunteers, 1914-1918, British Royal Air Force, Airmen's Service Records 1912-1939, British Royal Air Force, Gallantry Awards 1914-1919, British Royal Air Force, Officers’ Service Records 1912 - 1920, British Royal Naval Reserve 1899-1930 ADM240, British Royal Naval Reserve 1899-1930 ADM337, British Royal Navy & Royal Marines service and pension records, 1704-1919, British Royal Navy & Royal Marines, Battle of Jutland 1916 servicemen, British Royal Navy Allotment Declarations 1795-1852, British Royal Navy, Foreign Awards To Officers Index 1914-1922, British subjects who died in the service of the Indian Empire, British Women's Royal Air Force Service Records 1918-1920, Chelsea: documents of soldiers awarded deferred pensions 1838-1896 - WO 131, Chelsea: pensioners' discharge documents 1760-1887 - WO 121, Chelsea: pensioners' discharge documents, foreign regiments 1816-1817 - WO 122, City of York militia & muster rolls 1509-1829, Commonwealth War Graves Commission Debt of Honour, 1914-1921, Commonwealth War Graves Commission Debt of Honour, 1938-1947, Hampshire, Portsmouth Military Tribunals 1916-1919, Harold Gillles Plastic Surgery Archives from WWI, Honourable Women of the Great War, 1914-1918, Imperial Yeomanry, soldiers' documents, South African War 1899-1902 - WO 128, Irish Officers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919, Kilmainham Pensioners British Army service records, 1771-1821, Leicestershire and Rutland, Soldiers Died 1914-1920, Lincolnshire, Kesteven Militia Ballot List 1824, London County Council Record Of War Service 1914-1918, London Stock Exchange Memorial Roll 1914-1918, Manchester Employers' Roll Of Honour 1914-1916, Manchester Regiment city battalions 1914-1916, Middlesex, Poplar, Military Tribunals 1916-1918, Northamptonshire Military Tribunals 1916-1918, Officers' services, First World War - WO 339 & WO 374, Palestine Conflict British Deaths 1945-1948, Plymouth Second World War records 1939-1945, Plymouth Subscribers For Redemption Of Captives In Turkey and Algiers 1680, Prisoners of War - Second World War (1939-1945) - Europe, Prisoners of War - Second World War (1939-1945) - Far East, Prisoners of war 1745-1945: Crimean War to Boer Wars, Regimental records of officers' services 1775-1914 - WO 76, Royal Artillery Other Ranks: casualty cards 1939-1947, Royal Fusiliers, Stockbrokers' Battalion 1914-1918, Royal Naval Division Casualties, 1914-1919, Royal Naval Division Service Records, 1914-1920, Royal Navy Officers Medal Roll, 1914-1920, Royal Sussex Regiment Southdown Battalions 1914-1918, Royal Tank Corps enlistment records, 1919-1934, South Lancashire Regiment Prisoners of War 1914-1918, World War One British Army Medal Index Cards, WWI Distinguished Conduct Medal Citations.
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