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BMJ. Your email address is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email. This is an observational study, so can't establish cause, and the researchers outline some limitations relating to the validity and representativeness of the data. One-child policy, official program initiated by the Chinese government in the late 1970s and early ’80s that limited many families to one child each in order to reduce population growth. There is no evidence of consultations with stakeholders at the local or institutional level before this policy was imple… The … Their findings are based on 67.8 million births in 28 out of 31 provinces of mainland China, an average of 1.41 million births per month. With Nanfu Wang, Zaodi Wang, Zhimei Wang, Tunde Wang. Further research is also needed "to develop a more nuanced understanding of the sustained impact of this historic change on the world's largest nation," they conclude. "China's two-child policy has led to 5.4 million extra births: Births have increased, but not as much as some policymakers had hoped." ... Because of the One-Child Policy, however, China’s problem is especially severe. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization of women accompanied second or subsequent pregnancies. The policy was also associated with a 59% average increase in births to older mothers (35 years or older), but there was no accompanying increase in premature births. And for the first time, the number of births to those who had given birth previously (multiparous mothers) exceeded births to first-time (primiparous) mothers. Finally, there was a slight decrease in caesarean deliveries to primiparous mothers, which might signal a favourable trend towards vaginal birth in first-time mothers in China, explain the researchers. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily, its staff, its contributors, or its partners. Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. Demick found a family in rural China that had lost a child… August 9, 2019, 11:18 AM China's two-child policy, announced in October 2015, was enacted to reverse the nation's stagnant population growth, ageing population, and shrinking workforce. It is the first study to use national data to estimate the impacts of the policy change and shows that births increased in response to the policy, but not as much as some policymakers had hoped. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/08/190821185332.htm (accessed December 22, 2020). The Dark Legacy of China’s One-Child Policy On the podcast: The filmmaker Nanfu Wang tells the harrowing story of her own family’s one-child ordeal. Although they found no significant increased premature births, they say "more work is needed to document and ensure the health of an increasingly older maternal population of second-time mothers in a nation where caesarean delivery rates are high.". However, three months later, George Osborne, the then Chancellor, announced that child tax credits would be limited to the first two children only. Questions? Their findings are based on 67.8 million births in 28 out of 31 provinces of mainland China, an average of 1.41 million births per month. … The main stakeholder behind this initiative was the central government, which was very concerned that uncontrolled growth in the population could threaten the country's ambitions for prosperity. China’s 35-year one-child policy is about to come to a close, the state run Xinhua-news agency reported this week. That’s what I had been told by the adoption coordinator there who had placed her in my arms. By 2016, China's leadership faced the opposite problem and implemented a two-child policy in hopes of spurring births. You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. Medical Examiner After the One-Child Policy China changed its single child restriction in 2016, but the country still has a lot of work to do toward making motherhood work for women. Washington, DC: AEI Press. Hong-tian Li, Ming Xue, Susan Hellerstein, Yue Cai, Yanqiu Gao, Yali Zhang, Jie Qiao, Jan Blustein, Jian-meng Liu. If the policy was violated, the fines could be imposed on families. English [CC], العربية, more…. • Aird, John S. (1990). Content on this website is for information only. China is planning is eliminate its child limitation mandate for families – a major reversal of a policy that has been in place for four decades. ISBN 9780844737034. However, they point out that many of the changes associated with the policy, including the increase in births, appeared to diminish at the end of the study period, raising questions about whether the policy's effects will be sustained. China ended its decades-long “one-child policy” and replaced it with a “two-child policy” in 2015. ScienceDaily. "China's two-child policy has led to 5.4 million extra births: Births have increased, but not as much as some policymakers had hoped." And for the first time, the number of births to those who had given birth previously (multiparous mothers) exceeded births to first-time (primiparous) mothers. However, they point out that many of the changes associated with the policy, including the increase in births, appeared to diminish at the end of the study period, raising questions about whether the policy's effects will be sustained. Especially during the one-child policy era, many families opted to abort female fetuses in preference for males. Heard on All Things Considered. December 16, 2019. Although they found no significant increased premature births, they say "more work is needed to document and ensure the health of an increasingly older maternal population of second-time mothers in a nation where caesarean delivery rates are high.". ScienceDaily. China's two-child policy has led to 5.4 million extra births Births have increased, but not as much as some policymakers had hoped Date: August 21, 2019 Source: BMJ Summary: The country’s longstanding one-child policy and preference for boys created a huge gender imbalance. China’s working-age population — those aged 16 to 59 — declined by 890,000 in 2019, a trend that may be chipping into gains in productivity. It subjected about one-third of the country’s population to having only one child. But they say their findings clearly show that births increased in response to the policy, albeit not as much as some policymakers had hoped. 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